Geoweek: Ottoman Empire

Geoweek - Kekaisaran Ottoman
Courtesy: Kompas, supported by Zooomr

The Ottoman Empire (1301-1922) controlled a very huge area across three continents and was one of the oldest empire in history.

Began as small states in Turkey, Ottoman Empire was born in Asia and gradually absorbed the Bizantium Empire. In just one century, the Ottoman Turkish society adapted from nomadic warrior to one of the largest empire authority.

In its golden era in the 16th century, Ottoman Empire also included Bulgaria, Egypt, Greece, Hungary, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Palestine, Romania, Syria, Turkey, parts of Arabian peninsula and most of African northern coast as part of their territory.

The Ottoman maintained their power using military-based slavery, education was run by state and judicial, as well as tendency of expanding alliance between constituencies and religions.

Most of their success existed for seven centuries under one ruling family. The Islamic empire peaked during Sulaiman the Magnificent era (1520-1566). Literature, art and architecture developed rapidly, and Sulaiman reformed Turkish law thoroughly. His death marked the empire’s long period of declining.

In 1571 Ottomans lost many part of their water territory due to Spain and Austria on the Lepanto battle. Russia-Turkey and Greece war in the early 1800s further weakened the empire.

Modern day Turkey was born after nationalist power overthrew the sultan. National movement got power after World War I when Sévres Treaty was signed on October 1918. The treaty wiped out the remaining of the Ottoman Empire.


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