Geoweek – What is Afromontane?

Before that, I would like to apologise for delaying my posts on Ngurah Rai Immigration Office, Suramadu Bridge Trip Report – Part 3 and Enchanting Indonesia 2009 exhibition at Ngee Ann City Civic Plaza, Singapore. This is my last post for this weekend. Enjoy it, education is for sharing! See you next week.

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Geoweek - Afromontane
Courtesy: Kompas, supported by: Zooomr

Sprawling like islands on the ocean, Afromontane, a sequence that looks like big dots on the map along eastern Africa, is home to variety of plants and animals.

Sequence of highlands and mountains extending from Saudi Arabia to Yemen, crossing the Red Sea and along continental Africa to Zimbabwe. Although sometimes separated by lowlands, the highlands have consistent characters of diverse bio-geography.

Afromontane species list includes 7600 types of plants, 1300 types of birds, 890 types of fish, 500 types of mammals, 350 types of reptiles and 250 types of amphibians. Invertebrate species types are unknown but there are more than 1300 types of butterflies can be found only in one area of the system.

Plants in Afromontane spread vertically with mostly similar vegetation at the same height. Most of them are endemics.

The Great Rift Valley is the centre of Afromontane. Geological potency that formed the valley also created some of the most well-known lakes such as Tanganyika. Tanagnyika is the second deepest lake in the world, it has a depth of 1471 metres.

Destroyed habitat, mostly because of farmings and logging, is the biggest threat to Afromontane’s preserved, unique biodiversity. About 15 per cent of the system is under official protection.

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